link to Fancy Meeting You Here: Meaning and Usage, Families or Family’s: When to Use Possessive Form, The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, -oo- in the middle of the word becomes -ee-. Cedric carved all ten jack-o-lanterns, and he can’t bear to throw them away. With the possible exception of apostrophe, none of those examples is necessarily particularly possessive, but context can make all the difference. Showing Joint Possession Joint possession indicates that two or more people share something. In grammar, they (or you) add one or two apostrophes, depending upon the type of ownership. Apostrophes used for possession. The capes belong to the heroes. the girl’s parents. Use the apostrophe to show possession. In contrast, peoples’ is the possessive of the word peoples — used to refer to groups of people. Why Is the Question Mark Upside Down in Spanish? Sona Digital Media also participates in affiliate programs with Bluehose, Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale, and other sites. Source(s): https://owly.im/a72lx. There is a further point about writing possessives: when you add an apostrophe- s or an apostrophe alone to form a possessive, the thing that comes before the apostrophe must be a real English word, and it must also be the right English word. These examples will help you remember what this looks like: eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',653,'0','0']));When the singular ends with –s, –ss, –z, –ch or -x, we add -es onto the end. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_4',124,'0','0']));report this adSupport Strategies for Parents by visiting our ‘Recommendations’ page and using the affiliate links in our articles to shop. In idiomatic speech and writing, the words... Hi! Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: Cedric carved all ten jack-o-lanterns, and he can’t bear to throw them away. The airplane belongs to the president, of course. A. Lulu told Lola that Lochness needs a years work on his gum disease. And, the plural of photo is not photoes but photos. Anonymous. →  The person’s hat. In many of the examples you’ve just read, you’ll find the word “teeth.” Look at the word teeth. The Possessive Apostrophe. Individuals use it to refer to indigenous or pre-colonial populations defined by culture, ethnicity, or language (source). The apostrophe is all about making a statement of ownership. To show ownership for an irregular plural, add an apostrophe and then the letter s (teeth’s). Most writers don’t have trouble with the possessive pronouns my, mine, his, her, and our. The “of test” works for plurals too. Some irregular plurals also follow patterns (source). 7 years ago. To show possession with a singular noun, add an apostrophe plus the letter s. Examples: a woman's hat the boss's wife Mrs. Chang's house. For example, for the word girls, add an apostrophe at the end of the … The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. →  The thieves’ tools. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. You have learned that nouns form their possessive by adding apostrophes. So as noted, possessive = apostrophe, not = no apostrophe (in general; I'm not a linguist however and English grammar gets...weird...sometimes...). : Rescue groups and individuals have come forward stating that the animals they gave PETA were healthy and adoptable. (Actually, he needs false teeth and a nose job, but the year’s gum work is a start.). More specifically, it shows who possesses something. The toys belong to the babies. Cómo utilizar apóstrofos en inglés. When pronouncing the possessive of Israelites as two syllables, use just one apostrophe after the ess: The Israelites’ flag design is nice (not Israelites’s flag). In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. Three cats’ toys are on the floor. If, however, two individuals possess two separate things, add the apostrophe to both nouns. It is “Ryan’s and my relationship,” with both words in their possessive form: “Ryan’s” with an apostrophe-S as the possessive form of the noun “Ryan,” and “my,” as the possessive form of the pronoun “I.” 3 Rules to Help You Form Compound Possessives. Most other languages are smarter than English. (Eggworthy doesn’t know and doesn’t care to know his cholesterol count. Thus, for example, something like * ladie's shoes is impossible, because there is no such word as * ladie. But becoming familiar with some of the general patterns that govern language forms like the plural and the possessive does help you to make educated guesses, and — with some practice — choosing the right form of the word. When you're talking ABOUT the group, don't ("the free peoples of...". and so do a lot of proper nouns (Mr. James, Texas, Christmas, etc. To show possession in French, for example, you say. “His” would be the correct possessive form of the pronoun “he,” but the subject of this sentence is “she.” “Her’s” is incorrect, and is not an actual word. In this case, we add the apostrophe and the “s” to indicate possession, almost as if the noun were singular. The rules about forming possessives probably cause the most apostrophe confusion. The apostrophe shows possession, the personality of the individual in question. You’re probably thinking, “Wait, I thought the word people was plural already, so why the extra  ‘s’? The many words that don’t follow the pattern described above are called irregular plurals, and this is where it can get complicated. sixteen years’ neglect on the part of Lulu’s dentist = sixteen years of neglect. : For this reason, Dr. Greenberg advises individuals to have planned cheat meals during special events. Consider this example: You can see that in the first sentence, there is only one server (singular), whereas, in sentence two, there are multiple servers (plural). →  These buses’ wheels. For More Than One Noun. There is a simple rule that governs how to show the possessive, and in most cases, it is through the possessive apostrophe (’). Take a look at these same phrases — with the same meaning — using apostrophes: All of these phrases include nouns that express ownership. There is a simple rule that governs how to show the possessive, and in most cases, it is through the possessive apostrophe (’). We write the plural form of it without an apostrophe as follows: Many people make the mistake of writing the possessive form of its in the same way as the abbreviation it’s (which is the shortened version of it is). To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Compound Possessives When you are showing possession with compounded nouns, the apostrophe's placement depends on whether the nouns are acting separately or together. A. Check out these examples: teeth’s cavities (The cavities belong to the teeth. This bedroom belongs to the children. The grammatical answer is one or two apostrophes, depending upon the type of ownership. The rules about forming possessives probably cause the most apostrophe confusion. You can say the same thing in English too, but English has added another option, the apostrophe. Note that even when the singular noun ends in “s,” we still add both the apostrophe and another “s.” For example: The wheels belong to the bus. Sona Digital Media LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. To learn more about the difference between plurals and possessives and when to use each form, read “Families or Family’s: When to Use Possessive Form“. It’s your, yours, hers, its, ours, their, and theirs, that tend to cause the confusion. Answer: The traditions belong to the peoples. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',644,'0','0']));English grammar can be highly technical and confusing, but some simple rules will help you understand and remember when to use the correct word for your sentence. You can see that example 1 refers to a group of people, while example 2 refers to many peoples. Sorry if I didn't explain it well, it's late and I'm tired. Bill Gates is close, but even he hasn’t taken over everything yet. For example: The houses belong to those people. It should be mentioned that compound possessives are often clunky as well as confusing. We speak about one person but many people. lol Good luck! 0 0. For More Than One Noun. When a noun is singular, we show the possessive by adding an apostrophe “s” (‘s) onto the end of the noun . For example, the plural of roof is not rooves but roofs. But it also applies to the irregular pattern plurals we discussed above (source). \'The president\'s official airplane\' is one example. One of the apostrophe’s key jobs is to show possession. →  Those people’s houses. When a noun is singular, we show the possessive by adding an apostrophe “s” (‘s) onto the end of the noun . This can’t be right!”. If the plural noun is not showing ownership, don’t use an apostrophe. They go to court and fight it out, that’s what happens! The Halloween decorations are decaying, especially the pumpkins teeth. Rule 1b. This is called a possessive apostrophe. \'The president\'s official airplane\' is one example. 4 years ago. →  This person’s dog. ), the women’s lipstick-stained teeth (The lipstick-stained teeth belong to the women. Ludwig and Ludmilla’s wedding (The wedding was for both the blushing groom and the bride.) The possessive form of a noun is formed by adding apostrophe+s, unless the noun is a plural ending in s, and then the possessive is formed by adding only an apostrophe. This means that each of them has at least one new car and that their ownership is a separate matter. ), geese’s missing teeth (No teeth belong to the geese, because as of course you know, birds have beaks instead. To give you an idea of how to run the “of test,” here are some phrases that express time: one week’s tooth cleaning = one week of tooth cleaning, a year’s dental care = one year of dental care. The grammatical answer is one or two apostrophes, depending upon the type of ownership. 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