Thousands of inhabitants in the town of Trastevere stormed the palace to liberate them. : PETRIE, SIR CHARLES: 9780094572706: Books - Amazon.ca He then turned to the foreign economy looking towards his colonies in the Americas. In Madrid, he was nicknamed the Best Mayor of Madrid, "el Rey alcalde". Charles also eliminated the tax on flour and generally liberalized most commerce. The riot then degenerated into pillage. His policies in Italy prefigured ones he would put in place in his 30-year rule of Spain. Read More on This Topic Spain: The reign of Charles III, 1759–88 Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia, however, continued to pressure on the possible gain of Plaisance and even threatened to occupy it. Despite the King's goodwill, the Jewish community of Sicily which had flourished in the Middle East was not re-established. On 20 January 1716, Elisabeth gave birth to the Infante Charles of Spain at the Royal Alcázar of Madrid. The ideas of the Age of Enlightenment (in Spanish, Ilustración) came to Spain in the eighteenth century with the new Bourbon dynasty, following the death of the last Habsburg monarch, Charles II, in 1700. Royal Power in the Late Carolingian Age: Charles III the Simple and His Predecessors. However, this was not the case, and the War of the Austrian Succession broke out. Bourbon Spain, like their Habsburg predecessors, were drawn into European conflicts, not necessarily to Spain's benefit. [34] When Charles III became king of Spain, he further solidified the standing of the nation as a single political entity. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. The result was largely due to the king, who even when he was ill-advised did at least work steadily at his task of government. On 3 February 1740, King Charles issued a proclamation containing 37 paragraphs, in which Jews were formally invited to return to Sicily, from where they had been brutally expelled in 1492. Those territories were separated from it, leaving huge possessions in Spanish America and the Philippines, which Charles III ruled. For American-born Spaniards, at a stroke, the most wealthy and prestigious religious order that educated their sons and accepted a chosen few into their ranks were consigned to Italian exile. Alfonso XIII (Spanish: Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena; 17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until … For this reason, Pope Clement XII considered himself the only one entitled to invest the king of Naples, and so he did not recognize Charles of Bourbon as a legitimate sovereign. Por relevantes razones, y poderosos indispensables motivos havia resuelto, que en el caso de que mis Reales Armas, que he embiado à Italia para hacer la guerra al Emperador, se apoderasen del Reyno de Nàpoles os hubiese de quedar en propriedad como si vos lo hubiesedes acquirido con vuestras proprias fuerzas, y haviendo sido servido Dios de mirar por la justa causa que me asiste, y facilidar con su poderoso auxilio el mas feliz logro: Declaro que es mi voluntad que dicha conquista os pertenezca como a su legitimo Soverano en la mas ampla forma que ser pueda: Y para que lo podais hacer constar donde y quando combenga he querido manifestaroslo por esta Carta firmada de mi mano, y refrendada de mi infrascrito Consegero y Secretario de Estado y del Despacho. 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